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From Resistance to Macron, 1944-today, what happened to the French state? (L’Etat Détricoté. De la Résistance à la République en marche)

Author: ,

Publisher:

Original Language: French | 192 pp. | September 2018

2 Seas Represents: World Excl French.

ESSAY | HISTORY | POLITICS

Through what means did Emmanuel Macron and his movement, En marche, manage to rise to supreme power so quickly, praising a reduced, mobile and less interventionist “government of fight”?

Danielle Tartakowsky and Michel Margairaz, both specialists of French contemporary political history, focus on the State and its power since the vast collective and welfarist National Council of the Résistance in 1944. Several visions of State are in competition since then, and it seems that the vision of a state at its minimum has occurred in fine.

The authors question the evolution of French institutions, actors and practices of state power since 1944, mostly through public politics. They see three phases: 1. Important reforms of 1944 (plan, nationalization, social security, public service, state-administered credit system). 2. Continuing collective regulation (from De Gaulle to Communists), not without tensions and oppositions, from 1968 to 1982. 3. And thereafter until today, the disintegration of the State: state functions of regulation, administration, intervention, and protection slowly vanish. So indeed, the French state today is more reduced than ever, but with what benefit to its citizens?

Michel Margairaz is a professor of economical history at Paris-I – Pantheon Sorbonne.

Danielle Tartakowsky is a professor emeritus in 20th century political and social history. Her works include: L’Humanité, Figures du peuple (with G. Mordillat), Flammarion, 2017; Les Droites et la rue, La Découverte, 2014.